Key Features of Strategic Plan 2016-2020

This is a four-year strategic plan for the Civil Society Support Programme (CSSP) for the period 2016-2020. The document serves as a road map for Programming and operationalizing activities of the organization over the coming four years. The plan is coherent with the national and relevant national development policy legal frameworks. Specifically, this strategic plan of CSSP formulated by taking into consideration, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)-2015, Youth Policies of Sindh, Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkha and Balochistan. The strategy has also been aligned with international legal and human rights instruments including the Convention on the Right of the Child (CRC) and the UN Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW).

This ‘Four Years Strategic Plan’ defines mission, vision, goals, objectives and strategies. It identifies both long and short term strategic objectives and provides with effective strategies to achieve these objectives. The progress of this plan will be reviewed annually by the Board of Directors and a mid-term review will be held in December 2016.

This strategic plan examines the effective utility of our comparative advantage as a right-based organization, prioritize our scarce resources to areas of greatest need and avoid of duplication with the work of other NGOs. This strategic plan also reaffirms the organization’s commitment to contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and coherent with the regulations of the Pakistan`s laws and frameworks for the civil society organizations.

Under the key revised themes CSSP has set specific objectives contributing to the vision.

Themes Strategic Objectives
Youth Capacitated & engaged youth groups and organizations in building a democratic and just society..
Education Enhanced role of citizens and institutions for the improvement of education at policy & practice
Democratic Governance Increased responsiveness of citizens and institutions with integrated and participatory engagement.
Institutional Development Strengthening citizens & social watch groups to promote & protect basic human rights & inter faith harmony

Strategic Planning Development Process

This is CSSP’s first Strategic Plan for period of 2016 to 2020. Participatory engagement is core institutional value of CSSP, therefore a rigorous consultation process was followed by engaging CSSP Board, Staff, strategic planning experts and community representatives. The process critically reviewed the past achievements, analysis of external and internal context and setting strategic directions for upcoming years. Excel Development consultancy firm approved by Board of Directors was hired to develop the plan.

Analyzing External and Internal Context

Understanding the external and internal context is prerequisite in developing the organizational strategic planning that further contributes in Sustainable Development Goals by mainstreaming inclusiveness in development process. CSSP used the tool of PEST analysis to identify the main opportunities and threats in the working area. CSSP team and board of directors had the detailed working on the internal and external context and conducted SWOC analysis of CSSP. This analysis have provided opportunities to work towards just society and these contexts are push for CSSP for revisiting its programs, goals and objectives.

External Context:

Political and Governance situation

Unlike in many developing countries in South Asia, Pakistan political system is indented with influence of dynasties losing its roots in people. In spite of democracy prevailing since last decade with pavilion of decentralization, the performance of governance is unsatisfactory to address the concern of common man. Unsatisfactory governance is widely identified as the crucial drag on development as reflected in both Government and the Civil Society Organizations. Addressing issues of bad governance has frequently been treated as one of the crosscutting agenda in development plans along with other critical factors such as gender equity, poor governance and weak institutions, law and order situation, corruption, unemployment etc.

Moreover the civil engagement with the government and civil society is most important. In case of government, the engagement plans are not available to witness the participatory governance. Public do not have alternative political forums and such vacuum of political representation has created frustration in the public mainly in local youth, which is deprived of jobs, resources and other opportunities.

As a result of poor governance, families affected of flood in 2010 are still in no place. After loss of livelihoods and assets, thousands of families in Sindh, Punjab and KPK have not been able to restore to their previous normal lives.

Citizen empowerment index and development index are extremely low. Extreme poverty and slavery are still fate of millions of families, which is basically poor legal, and policy framework and its implementation. In these parts, feudalism has deprived people of rural areas from their fundamental rights to education, health, social and economic mobility and the rights to association and expression.

Education crisis

Educational indicators of Pakistan are still dismally low, although steady progress has been noticed during last few decades. At present, about one third primary school age children are out of school, 42% population (age 10+) is illiterate. Wide discrepancies persist in education indicators pertaining to provinces/areas, location (urban vs. rural) and gender. At the national level, about two third women of age 15+ cannot read and write, and 35% girls remain out of school. Gender Parity Index in case of participation in primary education is 0.82. It is estimated that over 6.7 million children are out of school, and majority of them (62%) are girls .

Apart of statistics on state of education, the curriculum and text is not cohesive with changed scenario of country’s social deprivation, political alienation and religious intolerance

In Pakistan, CSSP has witnessed growing religious disharmony which has created cushion for opportunists to exploit religious forums for their vested interests. At the same time, millions of out of school children and declining educational standards have left children and youth to be victims of opportunists’ whims. In the absence of effective social protection systems and mechanisms, poor is becoming more poor and unable to come out of the vicious circle of poverty. Such as the case of bonded labourers, they are caught in an unending trap of miserable life that goes generation to generation; basically, poverty and lack of implementation of related laws have contributed a lot in their miseries.

Youth Integration crisis

In Pakistan, youth constitute 28% of total population and around 54 million or 68% of those are below the age of 30 years (Ministry of Education, Youth in Development Pakistan, 2009). In Pakistan, youth is in search of findings forums of their representations, their energies are wasted in non-productive and non-political activities. There is a huge political vacuum, youth is waiting for alternatives. Moreover youth is isolated from development process; except few government led programs, the scope of interventions have been limited to address broader spectrum of youth needs.

In result of national, regional and international activities and policies of different stakeholders, Pakistan is facing serious challenge of radicalism and militancy, which is also badly affected and involved youth.

At regional and global level, Pakistan is considered security state with millions of poor people and many of them victims of modern slavery. Pakistan is poorly spending on health, social welfare, social protection and education but lavishly on making bullets and tanks. Since health, education and social protection have never been priority of Pakistan, therefore, young and minor children are easily become prey of terrorist groups for commit suicide attacks on public and private properties.

In general youth living in rural areas have lesser exposure and awareness as compared to urban counterparts. Consequently they are still entrenched in vicious cycle of cultural poverty. The changing trends in rural economy from crop sharing to daily wage labour based is further limiting the employability capacity in agriculture sector and tends forced urbanization

Internal Context

The internal context analysis was conducted through the SWOT. The CSSP team conducted the SWOT analysis initially and later the detailed SWOC analysis was conducted by the BOD with the help of facilitator. Following can be read as the participatory analysis of CSSP with critical review. While analysing the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats/challenges, all the aspects of programme delivery and management have been kept in mind.

Strengths Opportunities
  • Proactive board
  • Democratic and inclusive approach
  • Presence in 38 districts of four provinces in Pakistan
  • Developed network of more than three thousand youth across Pakistan
  • Alliance building on different social and political issues
  • 17 approved organizational policies and procedures
  • Availability of youth and youth networks at grassroots level
  • Local political parties are eager to get support from civil society organizations
  • Underutilized researches on health, education and social protection
  • The increasing trends of social entrepreneurship
Weaknesses Threats
  • Rapid expansion rather consolidation of the work
  • Shortage of human resources especially in M & E and HR section
  • Lack of compliance on policies and procedures
  • Less focus upon networking and linkage building at provincial and federal head quarters
  • No publication of annual reports, case studies etc
  • No physical presence/ offices in capital cities/ Islamabad and Karachi.
  • Staff development plan is not properly developed
  • Increasing culture of intolerance
  • Rise of religious extremism
  • Disrminative behaviors towards religious minorities
  • Increasing influence of political religious parties
  • Strong feudalism influence
  • Mushrooming of unregistered madrassas due to failure of formal education system
  • Hate material in curriculum

The Plan

Over the periods of 8 years and lessons learnt from interventions; CSSP has realized to scale up the existing interventions and found potential for deepening. Besides scaling up and expansion, it was also felt to re-align the themes with current global and national scenario.

CSSP defines its operating niche by taking into account definition and analysis of its institutional mandate and scope of its work, analysis of external environment to determine real and felt needs of society; and analysis of internal environment that establishes the capability and areas of growth of the organization to effectively accomplish its mission and realise its vision.

The strategic Plan 2016-2020 serves as a road map for Programming and operationalizing activities of the organization over the coming five year. The plan is coherent with the relevant thematic national and provincial policies and legal frameworks. Specifically, this strategic plan of CSSP formulated by taking into consideration, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)-2015-30, Youth Policies of Sindh, Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkha and Balochistan. The strategy has also been aligned with international legal and human rights instruments including the Convention on the Right of the Child (CRC) and the UN Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW).